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Fort Margherita was built in 1879 to guard Kuching’s river approaches from pirates.  Named after Charles Brooke’s wife, Ranee Margaret, it was never put to the use for which it had been originally intended; only attack on the fort, though unsuccessful, came from the air when the Japanese bombed Kuching on Friday, 19 December 1941.  This imposing from 1971 served as a Police Museum from 1971 before being handed over to the State Government.  After extensive restoration work, it now houses the Brooke Gallery which showcases the history and legacy of Sarawak under the Brooke era.